Executive Dysfunction: A Feature of Many Conditions

Usually when executive dysfunction (EDF) is discussed online, it’s usually in reference to ADHD, autism or sometimes brain injury. However, many conditions beyond these have notable, and even significant, EDF components.

In fact, one reason Executive Dysfunction Research & Advocacy was started was to try to bring together those who deal with EDF across many different diagnoses. So, its only right that we make a list to “shout out” all those conditions which are included!

Note: different conditions will have different profiles of executive dysfunction, and people within the same diagnoses can have different EDF profiles as well. In fact, in some cases (and probably many more than the research has discovered so far), EDF profile groupings can cut across diagnostic groups.

Conditions which include EDF

This list will be continually updated as we find more conditions that have had research-confirmed executive dysfunction. Some have only a little research done, or only a small amount of EDF involved, while others have tens of thousands of papers on the topic. Different conditions (and different people within those conditions) will have different EF profiles, so these lists are not meant to suggest that these groups will deal with the same kinds of EDF difficulties.

And, if you know of anything we missed, please leave a comment below!

Most significant impairments (or are the most studied):

A note on how these are categorized: There are no clear definitions (but much controversy) of what conditions should be categorized as what, so this list is basically based off of googling to see what is often put where only, and doesn’t claim to represent true classifications of all of them.

Neurodivergent Conditions:

Other conditions which also involve EDF (though less, or less frequently studied):

Again, we’d love to hear from you if you know of others that should be added!

Google Scholar Links 11/22/19

Here are this week’s top 13 articles from our EF Google Scholar alerts!

  1. Cognition, ADHD Symptoms, and Functional Impairment in Children and Adolescents With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (2019)
  2. Cognitive deficits after aneurysmal and angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhage: memory, attention, executive functioning, and emotion recognition (2019)
  3. Effect of rTMS on Parkinson’s Cognitive Deficit: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Running title: rTMS and Parkinson’s Cognitive Deficit (2019)
  4. Effects of a Brief Mindfulness Curriculum on Self-reported Executive Functioning and Emotion Regulation in Hong Kong Adolescents (2019)
  5. Exploring the structure and the roles of executive functions in typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder (2019)
  6. Extrastriatal D2/3 Receptor Availability and Executive Functioning in Alcohol Use Disorder (2019)
  7. Familiality of behavioral flexibility and response inhibition deficits in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (2019)
  8. Impulsiveness and executive functions in Parkinson’s disease (2019)
  9. Memory in autism spectrum disorder: a meta-analysis of experimental studies (2019)
  10. Neural correlates of performance monitoring in adult patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome: A study of event-related potentials (2019)
  11. Pharmacologic Treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder in Children and Adolescents:  Executive Function Agents, Stimulants, and Sympathomimetic Amines (2019)
  12. Therapeutic synergism: How can psychopharmacology improve cognitive rehabilitation? (2019)
  13. Training Executive, Attention, and Motor Skills (TEAMS): a Preliminary Randomized Clinical Trial of Preschool Youth with ADHD (2019)