Executive Dysfunction: A Feature of Many Conditions

Usually when executive dysfunction (EDF) is discussed online, it’s usually in reference to ADHD, autism or sometimes brain injury. However, many conditions beyond these have notable, and even significant, EDF components.

In fact, one reason Executive Dysfunction Research & Advocacy was started was to try to bring together those who deal with EDF across many different diagnoses. So, its only right that we make a list to “shout out” all those conditions which are included!

Note: different conditions will have different profiles of executive dysfunction, and people within the same diagnoses can have different EDF profiles as well. In fact, in some cases (and probably many more than the research has discovered so far), EDF profile groupings can cut across diagnostic groups.

Conditions which include EDF

This list will be continually updated as we find more conditions that have had research-confirmed executive dysfunction. Some have only a little research done, or only a small amount of EDF involved, while others have tens of thousands of papers on the topic. Different conditions (and different people within those conditions) will have different EF profiles, so these lists are not meant to suggest that these groups will deal with the same kinds of EDF difficulties.

And, if you know of anything we missed, please leave a comment below!

Most significant impairments (or are the most studied):

A note on how these are categorized: There are no clear definitions (but much controversy) of what conditions should be categorized as what, so this list is basically based off of googling to see what is often put where only, and doesn’t claim to represent true classifications of all of them.

Neurodivergent Conditions:

Other conditions which also involve EDF (though less, or less frequently studied):

Again, we’d love to hear from you if you know of others that should be added!

Google Scholar Links 1/10/20

Here are this week’s top 10 articles from our EF Google Scholar alerts!

  1. Age-related effect on language control and executive control in bilingual and monolingual speakers: Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence (2020)
  2. Assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder with consideration of executive functioning (2020)
  3. Breaking the limits of executive functions: Towards a sociocultural perspective (2020)
  4. Differentiating Symptoms of ADHD in Preschoolers: The Role of Emotion Regulation and Executive Function (2020)
  5. Effects of the dopamine transporter gene on striatal functional connectivity in youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (2020)
  6. Executive Functioning and Language Development in Children with Cochlear Implants (2019)
  7. Frontal volume as a potential source of the comorbidity between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading disorders (2020)
  8. Proofreading by students: implications of executive and non-executive components of working memory in the detection of phonological, orthographical, and grammatical errors (2020)
  9. The importance of cognitive executive functions in gait recovery after total hip arthroplasty (2020)
  10. The Relationship between Intelligence and Executive Functions in Hispanic Patients with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (2020)