Executive Dysfunction: A Feature of Many Conditions

Usually when executive dysfunction (EDF) is discussed online, it’s usually in reference to ADHD, autism or sometimes brain injury. However, many conditions beyond these have notable, and even significant, EDF components.

In fact, one reason Executive Dysfunction Research & Advocacy was started was to try to bring together those who deal with EDF across many different diagnoses. So, its only right that we make a list to “shout out” all those conditions which are included!

Note: different conditions will have different profiles of executive dysfunction, and people within the same diagnoses can have different EDF profiles as well. In fact, in some cases (and probably many more than the research has discovered so far), EDF profile groupings can cut across diagnostic groups.

Conditions which include EDF

This list will be continually updated as we find more conditions that have had research-confirmed executive dysfunction. Some have only a little research done, or only a small amount of EDF involved, while others have tens of thousands of papers on the topic. Different conditions (and different people within those conditions) will have different EF profiles, so these lists are not meant to suggest that these groups will deal with the same kinds of EDF difficulties.

And, if you know of anything we missed, please leave a comment below!

Most significant impairments (or are the most studied):

A note on how these are categorized: There are no clear definitions (but much controversy) of what conditions should be categorized as what, so this list is basically based off of googling to see what is often put where only, and doesn’t claim to represent true classifications of all of them.

Neurodivergent Conditions:

Other conditions which also involve EDF (though less, or less frequently studied):

Again, we’d love to hear from you if you know of others that should be added!

Google Scholar Links 12/27/19

Here are this week’s top 10 articles from our EF Google Scholar alerts!

  1. ADHD and its Effects on Job Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model (2020)
  2. Acceptance of Anxiety through Art Therapy: A Case Report Exploring How Anthroposophic Art Therapy Addresses Emotion Regulation and Executive Functioning (2019)
  3. Early life stress and brain function: Activity and connectivity associated with processing emotion and reward (2019)
  4. Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Response Inhibition in Adult Patients with ADHD (2019)
  5. Examination and comparison of cognitive and executive functions in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorders (2019)
  6. Executive functions in schizophrenia aging: Differential effects of age within specific executive functions (2019)
  7. Exploring the interaction of executive function and language processing in adult cognitive communication disorders (2019)
  8. Trauma in childhood and adolescence and impaired executive functions are associated with uncertain reflective functioning in mothers with substance use disorder (2019)
  9. Variability in emotion regulation in paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: Associations with symptom presentation and response to treatment (2020)
  10. Working memory can compare two visual items without accessing visual consciousness (2020)